Which are the different types of migraine medications?
Migraine medications belong to two major different types. The first consists of drugs which abort as well as stop migraines from progressing whenever they begin. The earlier these drugs are used in a migraine strike, the better they will work. The second type contains drugs that prevent migraines from happening.
Over-the-counter migraine medications used to address pain incorporate analgesics, NSAIDS, and caffeine, including:
- Naproxen (Naprosyn, Anaprox, Anaprox DS)
- Acetaminophen (Tylenol)
- Or combinations of those
One drawback to using analgesics or NSAIDs is taking them daily could make headaches worse on account of medication overuse.
Prescription drugs utilized to provide relief from the pain may include NSAIDs and also narcotics. Like over-the-counter drugs, prescription medicines often are available in combinations. A barbiturate called butalbital is usually used in conjunction with acetaminophen, and caffeine along with or without codeine (some sort of narcotic). Barbiturates are a sedative and could be useful to aid people sleep over pain.
While analgesics, NSAIDs, and narcotics ease pain, they don’t handle the underlying physiology — generally the dilation of arteries in the head. Two classes regarding migraine drugs carry out: the ergotamines along with the more recently obtainable triptans.
Ergot alkaloids — like ergotamine tartrate (Cafergot) as well as dihydroergotamine mesylate (D. H. E. 45 Injection, Migranal Nasal Aerosol) — usually are potent drugs that constrict arteries. Because nausea can be a possible side effect of those migraine drugs, some people take ergotamines in conjunction with other drugs to avoid nausea.
Triptans target serotonin receptors. These drugs trigger constriction of the arteries and bring about a general interruption within the chain of element events that cause a migraine. Triptans include:
- Naratriptan (Amerge)
- Eletriptan (Relpax)
- Zolmitriptan (Zomig)
- Rizatriptan (Maxalt)
- Sumatriptan (Imitrex)
- Frovatriptan (Frova)
- Almotriptan (Axert).